it's not the intent to gouge which is at issue but whether the item is
deemed essential to some sense of public demand/urgency. the sale
of a home can be deemed 'gouging' if the asking price of a typical $500k
home went for $1.5m but it is applauded and a sense of accomplishment.
the objection and govt intervention tends to occur when the demand is for
products deemed urgent and critical to the infrastructure of everyday life
such as gas, food...lord knows why, TP.
so the fuzzy logic would depend on the situation and item being gouged